For Brass Band
Duration: 12 minutes
Commissioned by Leighton Rich and Hampshire Music Service.
The timeline is a western musicological device that allows us to define many of the rhythms used in sub-Saharan music. It is essentially a 12-beat pattern that can be subdivided as 6 X 2, 4 X 3, or 3 X 4, which generates the polyrhythms that are common in African Music.
Timelines is a continuous work made up of four contrasting sections, which are based on various aspects of African dance and choral music.
The slow introduction introduces many of the rhythms that the piece is based on, and is followed by a fast section which quotes a South African hymn, Abasundu Nabamhlope.
The chorale section which follows uses the hymn, Nkosi Sikelel iAfrika (Lord Bless Africa), which was written in 1897, and has since been adopted as the national anthem of several countries in Southern Africa.
The final allegro section sees the drawing together of the various dance and choral elements used in the piece, with the percussion section playing the polyrhythms generated by the timelines.
Timelines was first performed by Hampshire County Youth Brass band and their conductor Leighton Rich, at the Royal Festival Hall, 7th July 1998.
Publisher: Studio Music
Eb Sop. Ct., Solo Bb Cts. 22.214.171.124, Rep. Ct., Bb Cts. 2, Bb Cts. 3,
Fg. Hn., Eb Tenor Hns. Solo.1.2, Bb Bar. Hns. 1.2
Bb Trbs. 1.2, Bass Trb., Bb Euphs. 1.2, Eb Bass 1.2, Bb Bass 1.2,
Timp., Perc 1.2.3
In terms of standard, Time Lines is suitable for good county youth bands and lower section bands.
The original commission was for Brass Band and 8 percussionists, which was subsequently scaled back to 4 percussionists for later performances. As such, the piece makes use of a wide range of percussion equipment and is particularly challenging for percussionists.